India is known for her various forms of art. When talking about India how can one forget about Rajasthan? Rajasthan is known as the hub of arts and crafts. There are lots of colors that one can see in the culture and routine of life of people here. There are lots of areas where one can witness the various arts, crafts, and items full of craftsmanship. One of such art is handloom.
Handloom weaving is much famous in India and as Rajasthan is the hub, many people of Rajasthan are employed in it. Indian handloom industry dates back to ancient time. The first piece of Indian handloom art was found a long time ago during excavation in Egypt. Then after, traces of dyed cotton fabric were found at MohenJoDaro. During many such excavations, many other hand-woven fabrics were found.
During the Mughal era, many such weavers were praised in the courts. The poets at Mughal courts wrote poems praising the handloom weaving. With the modern technology, machinery came into existence, and it helped artists to develop the idea of different types of weaving. Handloom weaving in Rajasthan is as old as civilization itself. In Rajasthan, weavers have been the sole reason for the existence of the weaving industry. The loom holds an important position in the social and economic lives of the Rajasthani people. Khadi, Mulmul, Reza and other such type of fabrics are famous across India.
With power looms dominating handlooms the people had lost employment. The people’s choice has again taken a turn towards the handloom and people have got a lot of employment. Many such traditional and contemporary designs are still woven at Rajasthan. The people of Rajasthan are well introduced to the art of weaving.
The handloom weaving is a simple process distributed in just 4 steps. These steps include shedding, picking, beating and taking up or letting off. The shedding process includes the process of raising and lowering of yarn using handles for creating a shed. The weft is then passed through the shed which is known as picking. In beating process, the weft is evenly packed and pressed using a structure similar to a comb. This comb-like structure is called a reed. With the completion of primary motion, the freshly made cloth is rolled on the warp. This process of taking up and letting off is called the secondary motion. All these processes are expertized by people of Rajasthan.
The weavers residing in villages are known to produce clothes named Reza and Khaadi in the state of Rajasthan. The experts here are descendants of connoisseurs who were earlier sheltered by the kings of the state. The rulers were known for their patronage to the artists and providing them encouragement by all the possible ways. Due to their continuous supports to the craftsmen, they also developed various techniques and designs on the fabric. The handmade clothes by the artists got popular all over the areas, and gradually it crossed the geographical boundaries of the country also and got famous across the seven seas also.
With the passage of time, the kings and states passed through different situations. The state of weavers also passed through some crucial stages, but under all the situations it survived and even today there are many artists who provide best of the class handloom woven items. There are different sorts of clothes including various types of sarees. The government of India also offers many promotions to help the artists of this field. With the advancement of technology the artists also have developed various techniques that have improved the designs and fabric weaving.