Tie-Dye (Bandhej/Leheriya)

Tie-Dye (Bandhej/Leheriya)

Those who love art and culture of India, one of the most important places to visit is the state of Rajasthan. The state is known for a number of matters related to art, architecture, culture and royal heritage. It is a land where one can find various colors of life in almost all the areas. Here one can find the art and culture in dressings, food, and lifestyle of people. The most important part of the clothes here is the style of their making and coloring the clothes. Irrespective of being it a small town or a big city the life has a lot of colors here that are spread all over the life of people.

Tying and Dying of clothes is a very ancient method of dying textiles in India. These especial types of textile colouring methods are also referred as Bandhej or Leheriyas in local Rajasthani language. The tying dying art of India was also praised in history by Alexander the great as referred in history books. As mentioned in Bana Bhatt’s Harshcharita, first type of Bandhani saree was worn by the bride of a king. Since then people have a belief that if brides wear Bandhani saree at the wedding, it brings the couple a good fortune.

The paintings made on the walls of Ajanta caves also depict the same. With the development of modern technology, manufacturers have experiment the use of different types of materials both artificial and natural. However, there is a huge class of people that nowadays prefer to have clothes made of natural material only. The makers also know it and use natural colors as well as fiber that do not harm the environment as well as users.

Manufacturers of tie-dye apparels have tried several tying techniques on the cloth. With a variety of tying techniques, manufacturers are able to draw different kind of prints on apparels. This old manufacturing art is practiced in India, Japan and several parts of Africa. In India tying and dying saree manufacturing is mainly done in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Such sarees are called ‘Bandhej.’ The name Bandhej refers to tying. It is believed that tying and dying industry was founded in India before roughly 5000 years. In Rajasthan, Bandhej is practiced at Jaipur, Bhilwara, Sikar, Udaipur and some other cities. In Rajasthan, people are used to wear turbans of different kinds of Bandhej pattern. Different kind of pattern of bandhej represents people of different communities. In Rajasthan, people are used to identify other people with the kind of bandhej turban they are wearing.

In the ancient era, dyes used were extracted from natural sources. Colours were obtained by extracting juice from roots, leaves, flower, etc. Making a bandhej saree is a process which requires a skilled set of hands. The first step involves tying thread in a style at several points and then dipping in coloring agent. The fabric which is tied with the thread remains in base colour, resulting into beautiful patterns. By this process, several different patterns like Lehariya, Ekdali, Mothra and Shikari can be drawn on the saree. The apparel obtained at the end is called by various names like Gharchola, Patori, Khombi, etc. depending on the tying technique used.

The design of bandhej is very common but still it is much different than many other types of apparels also. The designs are usually having a square, animals, and other designs. The makers care for the size, designs and many other areas that are mostly looked by the buyers. Considering the quality of the material and valuing their making, there are many customers abroad also who love this material and order them frequently. The green, orange, red, yellow and blue are the prime colors of these sarees. Just check the colors and designs and get a perfect piece of cloth for you.

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