rajasthani carpet

Handknotted Carpets and Rugs bring out of drabness of Desert

The cultural heritage is most effectively displayed in the handicrafts of Rajasthan. The carpets and rugs are leading the list of such beautiful creations with the help of amazing art by the artists who are in this business for a number of generations.
There are many artists who create beautiful artefacts from variety of basic materials that can be used in at home as well as shops and offices.
The work:
Artistic rugs and carpets is a type of Rajasthani textile art that holds a high place amongst all the textile art forms. Carpet manufacturing started in Rajasthan in the 17th century when Persian weavers arrived in India and settled at Royal houses. Since then the business has gained pace and fame across India and abroad. The geometric designs on the Rajasthani carpets are the centre of attraction for the customers. Rulers of Amber-Jaipur nourished the art of carpet making. They offer shelter and other facilities to the craftsmen so that their art can be developed and today one can see the result of vision of the erstwhile rulers of this land.
In Rajasthani markets, such carpets are available at cost effective rates as compared to the showrooms. Rajasthani designs of carpet include Dushala, Mehrab, Charkona and Shikhar type of designs. Complicated design of carpets requires 400 to 700 knots per inch and not more than that. Simple carpets require 18 to 36 knots and are available only in Rajasthan. Rajasthan has a vast base for wool, and it has 50% of total wool production in India.
Fine quality carpets are hand knotted in Ajmer, Bikaner, Jaipur and Jodhpur. Sharp flower motifs in dense colour carpets are an eternal treasure. Also, felt rug ‘Namda’ of Tonk has many appreciators. The master craftsmen in small village of Chaksu, Manaharpura and Barmer are skilled in weaving these marvellous creations. Blue, red and purple colours are prominently used in these rugs. The colours are eye-catching and give a cooling effect to the eyes.
They are designed in such a manner that can last for long and hence offer complete value for money spent on them. They are easy to take care, and one can also clean them at home.
Durrie is a special kind of carpet manufactured in Rajasthan and pretty much famous for extraordinary art on it. This light weight, non-pile cool carpet is very much in demand in India as well as overseas market. Rajasthani durries are woven with firm knots and are very soft. Durries manufactured at Ramgarh are cotton warped and woven; these durries are rich in design. Jawaja, a town near Beawar is a big name in making bright durries. The weaving of durries was once developed as an alternative source of income for the locals.
Formerly Durrie was used as an underlay, but presently it has become one of the fastest growing weaving markets in Rajasthan. It has geometric and floral patterns woven into it with bright colours. One can find Camel hair Durrie in Rajasthan’s Bikaner and Jaipur city; goat hair durrie made in Salawas.
Durries are manufactured from four types of materials: Cotton, Wool, Silk, and Jute. Sometimes a combination of these materials is used in manufacturing Rajasthani durries.
Hand knitting process involves following steps:
• Warp thread stretching and knotting the pile.
• Insertion of weft thread.
• Pile Shorning
The weavers use a very basic arrangement that includes a flat loom and a blade and a pick.
The quality of the carpets and rugs depends on the firmness of the knots and shortness of the pile. Both of these features also make sure that the product is of the best quality. Higher, the number of knots better, is the quality.
Though the carpets are bulky pieces to carry yet the vibrant colours and interesting Marwar culture inspired patterns enliven the drab floor.

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