Blue pottery of Rajasthan

Welcome to Rajasthan’s handicraft heritage. The outstanding craftworks involve exclusive artistic pieces of blue pottery which is one of the most sought after obsession. Blue pottery is the name derived from the blue-colored dye used in manufacturing these items. The blue color is obtained by Cobalt Oxide.
The patterns and motifs on the blue pottery art are Turko-Persian in origin. Modern craftspeople have included other drawing patterns such as floral, geometric shapes, animals, etc. Drawings of Lord Ganesh and Goddess Durga are also drawn on blue pottery objects.
There are beautiful decorative items like door knobs, vases, plates and tiles that can be manufactured by blue pottery. The pottery designed with animal and bird art might be opaque or sometimes semi-transparent.
A glimpse of the background
Pottery art is the oldest form of art known to mankind. There are several coating techniques known to Indian pottery  artists which originated from Central Asia and the Middle East. The history of Blue Pottery art is as amazing as the art itself. Raja Sawai Jai Singh I founded the city of Jaipur in 1727 and paid attention that Jaipur is known for art as well. Raja Ram Singh II of Jaipur attended a kite flying session. He was surprised when he saw two brothers from Achnera bringing down the royal kites of his kite masters. On inquiring about the two brothers, he came to know that both were professional potters. The brothers had coated their strings using the blue-green glass that they used in manufacturing pots. Sawai Ram Singh II was very much impressed by the talent of the brothers, that he invited them to Jaipur. He also asked them to teach the new glass coating technique at the new art school.
How is it made
Blue pottery is the only type of pottery which does not use clay. The pottery appears incredibly awesome because it is made from Egyptian paste, heated at not so much higher temperature. The paste is made by thoroughly mixing quartz stone powder, fuller’s earth (Multani Mitty), borax powder, gum, water and powdered glass.
The manufacturing process of blue pottery requires a lot of time and detailed attention. The molding dough is prepared by thoroughly mixing the ingredients mentioned above. The dough is flattened and rolled in to a thick chapati of 4-5mm. Then this chapati is placed into a mould finely mixed with Bajri and Raakh (burnt wood ash). Then after the mould is turned upside down and then removed, the resultant dough, which is obtained is kept aside for drying. The surface of thus de-molded pottery item is smoothened for finer finish using “Regmaal”. This pottery object is later inserted into the solution of powdered glass, Maida and quartz powder and water. It is dried after removing it from the solution.
Blue and green coors are prominently used in making interesting patterns on the coated vessel. The design is made using the solution of edible gum and cobalt oxide. While green color is obtained by using Copper Oxide chemicals oxides of other metals produce some other colors such as brown, white and yellow used in the art.
The colors are applied using brushes. The final glaze is prepared by mixing powdered glass, borax, boric acid, potassium nitrate. The item is coated by it and left for cooling to have small pebbles formed. The pebble is turned into powder form by grounding; it is then mixed with water and Maida and then applied on pottery. Then the object is heated in a furnace at 800 to 850 degree Celsius temperature.
The long process ends in an amazing piece of art, an art that that has entice heart of millions for years.

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