Adhai Din Ka Jhopda is a Mosque positioned in Ajmer city of Rajasthan, its construction was initiated by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in 1192 CE with the orders of Muhammad Ghori. What makes it worth visiting is the fact that this mosque has been one of the oldest surviving monuments present in Ajmer. Developed on the ruins of a Sanskrit college constructed out of Jain as well as Sanskrit temples, Adhai Din Ka Jhopda showcases finest example of early of Indo-Islamic architecture. It is because of the exotic construction that Alexander Cunningham explained it as Great Mosque of Ajmer City. Simply majestic and authentically beautiful, this mosque is being visited by numerous tourists on everyday basis.
Considering the factor of being named as Adhai Din Ka Jhopda, the legendary story talks about it that Muhammad Ghori ordered to construct a mosque in two and half days making it to 60 hours. The masons were not able to construct the entire mosque. Other than that, they were able to construct a brick style screen wall. This would allow Muhammad Ghori to offer prayers to the Lord Almighty. While, some of the stories states that the name to the mosque is given because of the Fair taking place at the location, which happens to last for two and half days. Yet another story by Har Bilas Sarda calls it that such name was never there before and the plain mosque started christening as the shed of people. By this, it means that Fakirs used to gather at the place for celebrating Urs of their patronage called Panjaba Shah. Such kind of Urs used to last two and a half days and this resulted in the existing name of Mosque.
Taking it back to the history of Adhai Din Ka Jhopda, the original building was shaped in square pattern with a dome shaped pavilion present in every corner. Along with this, temple dedicated to Goddess Saraswati was built towards the western side of the complex. Started in the year of 1192, it was designed and developed by an architect named Abu Bakr of Herat in 1197. Furthering to the historical statistics, the Sanskrit college was destroyed by Muhammad Ghori and he ordered his general by the name of Qutub-ud-din Aibak to demolish temples in Ajmer for constructing Mosque within 60 days.
The mosque got completed towards end of the century. In the further years, the mosque’s beauty was augmented by the son of Qutub-ud-din Aibak named Iltutmish. A noticeable thing about the mosque is that it has a screen wall, pierced by corbelled engrailed arches. At that time, this kind of art was one of its own kind and first in India.
Looking at the beauty of relics, Adhai Din ka Jhopda tends to exemplify Hindu as well as Jain temples.
How to reach Ajmer:
Ajmer is one of the most holy and well connected cities in Rajasthan as it has the famous dargah of garib nawaz which is popular in people from all faiths and religion , it is well connected through air via Jaipur and you will have to take a taxi or bus to reach ajmer it is well connected to all the major cities of rajasthan and daily bus service is also there from delhi and faridabad.
Jaipur international airport is the nearest airport if you are planing to visit ajmer as the city is yet to have its own airport and Jaipur is well connected by daily flights from all the metro cities of India.
ajmer railway station: It is known as ajmer junction and is well connected via rail route will all the major cities and town and trains are available round the clock also it is dotted with a number of hotels and lodges so if a person has not booked a place to stay can easily find accommodation here before starting his journey .
by road connectivity: ajmer is connected to rest of the country through national highway 8, and apart from state transport buses there are a lot of private bus operators who connect ajmer to rest of the country and the kind of buses range from regular buses to sleeper coaches and Volvo bus service which is also operated by rajsthan state transport.