Ranthambore National Park, is the largest National Park in Northern India located to the southeast of Jaipur, Rajasthan, about 11km from the Sawai Madhopur Railway Station. Ranthambore is a fertile forest region that differs largely from what Rajasthan is widely known for, The Thar Desert. The Banas river in the north and the Chambal in the south act as tangents to this forest range, watering from the circumference.
The Ranthambore National Park is named after the historic Ranthambore Fort which is located within the campus. The Ranthambore Fort is believed to derive its origin from the mid- 10th century built under the reign of the Chauhan rulers. It was later captured by the Mewar King, Rana Hamir Singh in the 13th century and the ruins still remain well off in the 21st century as a token of time. The religious traces of the native Rajputs whoever ruled and inherited the region can be spotted in the temple shrines inside the fort. The Hindu deities include Ganesh, Shiva and Ramalalaji. Jain idols have also been instilled by the name of Lord Sumatinath and Lord Sambhavanath in the Digamber Jain Temple inside the fort.
This park is widely known for its tiger population, the commanders of forest. The deciduous wild and grassy meadows seem to posses the perfect combo for the Cat Commanders to habitat. Since being declared as one of the Project Tiger Reserves by the Government of India in 1973 and a National Park in 1980, the Ranthambore jungle has evolved as one of the best forest ranges in India to cite the striped cats in their natural habitat. The tigers are so commonplace that they can be seen basking along the water sources or even daring the hot sun from the meadows.
The park comprises numerous varieties of trees and plants amongst the innumerable visitors from aerial as well as the Animal Kingdom. Over 539 species of flowering plants are spotted in here. This park resembles any typical Central Indian forest in the various floral species strewn around. The jungle is also inhabited by other wild animals like leopards, hyena, sloth bear, nilgai, wild boars, chital sambar, southern plains gray languor and other reptiles. The Spotted Deer and monkeys are also present here to entertain the touring guests who visit the park from across the globe. Peacocks are the coolest and a very random treat to our eyes among the winged trespassers.
The Ranthambore park at the plateau, lying south-east to Rajasthan’s mainland, is distinguished by another feature largely unusual to the state. It’s nothing but the water resources which enchant the entire atmosphere to be lively. The Padam Talao is the largest of the many lakes lit up all-across the jungles. It sports the most dramatic panorama of the varied classes of flora and fauna found in the forest. The magnificent Banyan Tree rooted along its banks is said to be the second largest Banyan Tree in the entire Indian Sub-continent.
The Safari Rides are carried out in two sessions every day, 6.30am and 2.30pm. Two open-top vehicles are provided for touring the reserve area, a 20 seater canter and a 6 seater gypsy. The core park area has been segregated into a number of zones. A safari ride would take the visitors to any one of these zones. Most visitors, both inland and foreign, often take multiple rides to glance at the various zones of the park area as such a display of nature with its awe is very rare to be seen elsewhere.